E: Assigning Resources to Users

E: Assigning Resources to Users

About Assignments

After you finish creating images and Farms, you are ready to assign desktops and applications to users. There are three main types of assignments:

  • Desktop Assignments - You can leverage automation built into the system to perform basic VDI agent updates to floating and dedicated desktops. VDI desktops are powered off and deallocated when not in use, which reduces infrastructure costs. You can also leverage the system to support RDSH session desktops, to be accessed by remote users over a network connection. For more information about floating and dedicated desktop assignments, see VMware Horizon Cloud May 2018 Release Technical What's New Overview.
  • Application Assignments - You can assign Windows applications to users or groups using remote applications, which can be hosted on the RDS Farms created earlier. This functionality enables you to provide the resources your users need when they need them, and at the same time avoid the cost of maintaining idle resources that are waiting to be used.
  • Customization - You can customize your end users' environments by making URL redirection assignments. You do this by configuring the client-to-agent URL redirection rules that tell the Horizon Client to redirect URLs from the end user's client machine to a desktop or application within your Horizon Cloud environment. For more information about customization, see Assigning Customizations in Quick-Start Tutorial for VMware Horizon Cloud with Hosted Infrastructure.

Exercise E1: Checking Desktop Capacity Allocation

Before you assign a desktop to a user or group, it is good practice to first check the capacity allocation in the Dashboard window. The Dashboard provides information about your environment, including notifications, activities, and reports.

  1. In the Horizon Cloud Administration Console, select Monitor.
  2. In the Monitor menu, click Dashboard.
  3. In the Capacity window, see the percentage currently allocated.

2. Hover to Change the Display

  1. Hover over the Capacity window to change the display.
  2. Click More to see more details.

3. View Desktop Capacity Allocation Details

  1. In the Desktop Model section, note the amount used so that you can compare after assigning the desktop. In this example, 232 units of capacity are remaining.
  2. Hover over each section to see details such as memory and CPU.

For information about the capacity model, see Service Description: VMware Horizon Cloud Service with Hosted Infrastructure.

After verifying that the Desktop Capacity Allocation is sufficient, you can proceed to the next exercise to assign a desktop and see how the capacity allocation is affected.

Exercise E2: Assigning Applications from the Farm

To assign applications to users and groups:

1. Assign New

  1. In the navigation bar on the left, click Assign.
  2. In the Assignments window, click New.

2. Select Applications

In the New Assignment window under Applications, click Select.

3. Provide Definition

  1. In the Definitions tab of the New Application Assignment window, provide the fixed and flexible attributes.
  2. In the lower right corner, click Next.

4. Select Applications

  1. In the Applications tab, select the applications to assign.
  2. In the lower right corner, click Next.

5. Select Users and Groups

  1. In the Users tab, select the users and groups to assign.
  2. In the lower right corner, click Next.

6. Verify Summary Information

  1. In the Summary tab, review and verify your settings.
  2. In the lower right corner, click Submit.

7. Verify Success

  1. Verify that the green success banner appears at the top.
  2. Verify that the assignments display a green status symbol.

For more information, see Create a Remote Application Assignment.

When you finish assigning applications to user and groups, your end users can launch their assigned desktops and remote applications using your FQDN in either the Horizon Client or with HTML Access. You can proceed to the next exercise to create an RDSH session assignment.

Exercise E3: Creating RDSH Session Assignments

To create a session desktop assignment, use the Assignments window after first verifying that your deployment meets the following prerequisites:

  • At least one farm configured to deliver remote desktops
  • The intended farm is in the node that you want to deliver from
  • The intended farm is not already assigned

1. Assign New

  1. In the navigation pane on the left, click Assign.
  2. In the Assignments window, click New.

2. Select Desktops

In the New Assignment window, select Desktops.

3. Provide Information

  1. In the Definition step, complete the selections.
    • Location: Select the location of the node where the session desktops should be provided.
    • Node: Select the node.
    • Farm: Select the farm to assign.
    • Assignment Name: Enter a memorable name for this assignment to help end users identify it, using only letters, hyphens, and numbers.
  2. In the lower right corner, click Next.

4. Select Users and Groups

  1. On the Users step, search users and groups in your registered Active Directory domains, select the ones to give this assignment.
  2. In the lower right corner, click Next.

5. Verify the Summary Information

  1. On the Summary step, review the configuration.
  2. In the lower right corner, click Submit.

6. Verify in the Assignments Window

  • As the system configures the farm's server instances to provide session desktops to the selected users, you can use the navigation bar to the left to click Assign to verify the status in the Assignments window.

For more information, see VMware Horizon Cloud Service on Microsoft Azure Administration Guide, and click Applications in Your Horizon Cloud Inventory > Create a Remote Application Assignment.

When you finish assigning session-based desktops to users and groups, this exercise is complete. You can proceed to the next exercise to explore assigning VDI-based dedicated desktops.

Exercise E4: Assigning Dedicated Desktops

You can use the Assignments window to create, edit, and delete an assignment, choose which type of desktop to assign, and update the agent software for any existing assignments. In this exercise, you assign dedicated desktops. With dedicated desktops, your end-user is assigned a virtual desktop upon first login, and they continue to get the same desktop whenever they log in subsequently, until or unless you rebuild the desktops. For more information, see VMware Horizon Cloud May 2018 Release Technical What's New Overview.

  1. In the navigation bar on the left of the Horizon Cloud Services Administration Console, select Assign.
  2. In the Assignments window, click New.

2. Select Desktops

  1. In the New Assignment window under Desktops, click Select.

Note: You would select Applications if you wanted to assign AppStacks or RDSH applications. For this exercise, a desktop is assigned.

3. Select a Dedicated Desktop Type

  1. In the Definitions tab of the New Desktop Assignment window, for Type, select Dedicated.
  2. Click the down arrow of the Desktop Model field.
  3. Select a new Desktop Model from the drop-down menu.
  4. Scroll down to the Flexible Attributes section.

4. Set the Flexible Attributes

  1. Under Flexible Attributes, provide the following information:
    • Image: Accept the default image.
    • Assignment Name: Enter a friendly name to identify this assignment. The name must start with a letter, and contains only letters, dashes, and numbers.
    • VM Names: All VMs in this assignment inherit the assignment name, and include an appended number, such as Server DTA1 1, Server DTA1 2, and so on.
    • Default Protocol: Choose Blast Extreme as the default protocol for end user sessions.
    • Preferred Client Type: Accept the browser default with which to launch assignments associated with this pool.
    • Min Desktops: Enter the minimum number of desktops to be allowed.
    • Max Desktops: Enter the maximum number of desktops to be allowed.
  2. In the lower right corner, click Next.

5. Add a Row

In the Management tab under Schedule Power Management, click Add a row.

6. Start Setting the Schedule

  1. In the Schedule Power Management section under Name, provide a name for this schedule.
  2. Under Days, select one or more days of the week to schedule.

7. Set the Start and End Times

  1. Under Start Time, select a time of the day to start the schedule (scroll to see all options in the drop-down menu).
  2. Under End Time, select the time of the day to end the schedule.
  3. Under Timezone, accept the default.

8. Set the Desktop Minimum

  1. Under Min Desktops, enter the minimum number of desktops to include.
  2. In the lower right corner, click Next.

9. Search Active Directory for Users or Groups

  1. In the Users tab, click the Active Directory search field, and start entering the name of the user or group.
  2. If you do not know the name, click Search Active Directory for a list of all names.

10. Select a User or Group

  1. In the Active Directory hit list, select the name.
  2. In the lower right corner, click Next.

11. Submit

  1. In the Summary tab, review the summary.
  2. In the lower right corner, click Submit.

12. Verify Completion

  1. Wait until a green banner appears at the top, which indicates success.
  2. Wait until a green dot appears in the Status column before proceeding.

13. Launch Horizon Client

Launch Horizon Client.

14. Log in to Horizon Client

  1. Enter your login credentials for Horizon Client:
    • Username: Enter the username.
    • Password: Enter the password.
  2. Click Login.

15. Launch the Floating Desktop

In Horizon Client, select a virtual desktop.

 

16. Verify Success

Verify that the virtual dedicated desktop launches properly.

Now that you have successfully assigned a dedicated desktop, you can proceed to the next exercise to assign a floating desktop. The process is very similar.

Exercise E5: Assigning Floating Desktops

You can choose which type of desktop to assign to a user or group in the Assignments window. You can use the Assignments window to create, edit, and delete an assignment, and update the agent software for any existing assignments. In this exercise, you assign floating desktops. With floating desktops, the user is assigned a desktop upon first login, and the desktop is recreated after the user logs off. Desktops are powered on or off according to the power management policy. For more information, see VMware Horizon Cloud May 2018 Release Technical What's New Overview.

2. Select Desktops

In the New Assignment window under Desktops, click Select.

3. Select a Floating Desktop Type

  1. In the Definitions tab of the New Desktop Assignment window, for Type, select Floating.
  2. Under Fixed Attributes, select a Desktop Model from the drop-down list.
  3. Scroll down to the Flexible Attributes section.

4. Set the Flexible Attributes

  1. In the Flexible Attributes section, provide the following information:
    • Image: Accept the default image.
    • Assignment Name: Enter a friendly name to identify this assignment. The name must start with a letter, and contains only letters, dashes, and numbers.
    • VM Names: All VMs in this assignment inherit the assignment name, and include an appended number, such as Server DTAfloating 1, Server DTAfloating 2, and so on.
    • Default Protocol: Choose Blast Extreme as the default protocol for end user sessions.
    • Preferred Client Type: Accept the browser as the default with which to launch assignments associated with this pool.
    • Min Desktops: Enter the minimum number of desktops to be allowed.
    • Max Desktops: Enter the maximum number of desktops to be allowed.
  2. In the lower right corner, click Next.

5. Set the Power Management

  1. In the Management tab, click the down arrow of the Power Management Mode.
  2. Select the power management mode from the drop-down list.
  3. In the Schedule Power Management section, click Add a row.

6. Set the Power Management Schedule

  1. Under Schedule Power Management, provide the following information:
    • Name: Enter the name for this schedule.
    • Day(s): Click the Days field and select one or more days of the week from the drop-down list.
    • Start Time: Select the time of the day to start the schedule from the drop-down list.
    • End Time: Select the time of day to end the schedule from the drop-down list.
    • Timezone: Select your timezone if necessary.
    • Min Desktops: Select the minimum number of desktops to include.
  2. In the lower right corner, click Next.

7. Search Active Directory

  1. In the Users tab, click the Active Directory search field.
  2. If no results are found, click Search Active Directory.

8. Select Users or Groups

  1. Select the user or group from the pop-up list.
  2. In the lower right corner, click Next.

9. Review and Submit

  1. In the Summary tab, review the summary information.
  2. In the lower right corner, click Submit.

10. Verify Completion

  1. Wait until the green banner appears at the top indicates success.
  2. Wait until the green dot appears in the Status column before proceeding.

11. Launch Horizon Client

Launch Horizon Client.

12. Log in to Horizon Client

  1. Enter your login credentials for Horizon Client:
    • Username: Enter the username.
    • Password: Enter the password.
  2. Click Login.

13. Launch the Floating Desktop

  1. In Horizon Client, select a virtual desktop.
  2. Verify that the virtual floating desktop launches properly.

 

When you finish assigning floating desktops to user and groups, you have completed the workflow. The next two sections explore the Horizon Cloud Service monitoring and analytics features and the VMware User Environment Management capabilities in greater depth.