D: Assigning Access to a Desktop

D: Assigning Access to a Desktop

Introduction to Desktop Assignments

Once you have created an image, you can assign desktops to users and groups as dedicated, floating, or RDSH virtual desktops or desktop sessions. You can explore these options by accessing the following exercises in the navigation bar to the left:

  • D1: Checking Desktop Capacity Allocation
  • D2: Assigning a Desktop to a User
  • D3: Accessing a Desktop Via a Browser
  • D4: Reviewing Recent Activity
  • D5: Exporting a Report
  • D6: Checking System Notifications

D1: Checking Desktop Capacity Allocation

Before you assign a desktop to a user or group, check the capacity allocation on the Dashboard page. The Dashboard provides information about your environment, including notifications, activities, and reports.

D1.1 Navigate to the Dashboard

  1. In the Horizon Cloud Administration Console, select Monitor.
  2. In the Monitor menu, click Dashboard.
  3. In the Capacity window, see the percentage currently allocated.

D1.2 Hover to Change the Display

  1. Hover over the Capacity window, which changes the display.
  2. Click More to see more details.

D1.3 View Desktop Capacity Allocation Details

  1. In the Desktop Model section, note the amount used so that you can compare after assigning the desktop. In this example, 232 units of capacity are remaining.
  2. Hover over each section to see details such as memory and CPU.

For information about the capacity model, see Service Description: VMware Horizon Cloud Service with Hosted Infrastructure.

After checking the Desktop Capacity Allocation, proceed to the next exercise to assign the desktop and see how the numbers are affected.

D2: Assigning a Desktop to a User

You can choose which type of desktop to assign to a user or group in the Assignments window. You can use the Assignments window to create, edit, and delete an assignment, and update the agent software for any existing assignments.

D2.1 Navigate to the Assignments Window

  1. In the Horizon Cloud Administration Console, select Assign.
  2. In the Assignments window, click New.

D2.2 Start Creating a New Assignment

  1. In the New Assignment page under Desktops, click Select.
  2. Note: You would select Applications if you wanted to assign AppStacks or RDSH applications. For this example, a desktop is assigned.

D2.3 Assign a Floating Desktop

  1. On the Assign Desktops page, select Floating to define the desktop type.
    • Dedicated: Assigns the user to a specific, persistent VDI desktop every time the user logs in.
    • Floating: Assigns the user to any available non-persistent VDI desktop, which multiple users can use at different times and resets after each user session. This desktop type is required when using an instant clone.
    • Session: Assigns the user to a personal, non-persistent RDSH published desktop shared across multiple users.

D2.4 Select the Fixed Attributes

  1. In the Desktop Model menu, select Premium.
  2. Click Details to view the resource specifications of the model. In the above example, the desktop model has 8 GB of vRAM and four vCPUs.

    Note: In the Fixed Attributes section, you can choose from several types of desktop models with various compute, storage, and feature resources. The desktop model determines how the computers are provisioned. For more information, see the Service Description: VMware Horizon Cloud Service with Hosted Infrastructure.

D2.5 Select the Flexible Attributes

  1. Scroll to Flexible Attributes.
  2. Define how the user connects to a desktop. You can change this information at any time:
    • Image: Select the image created earlier from the drop-down menu.
    • Assignment Name: Enter the assignment name.
    • Default Protocol: Select either BLAST or PCoIP. This example uses Blast.
    • Preferred Client Type: Select either Browser or Horizon Client. This example uses Browser.
    • Capacity: Select the capacity up to the maximum remaining available. This example shows 58 remaining.

D2.6 Select the Advanced Properties

  1. At the bottom of the Flexible Attributes section, click Advanced Properties, an option to configure additional desktop assignment parameters.
  2. Set the following advanced properties:
    • VM Names: Accept the default VM name that you created earlier.
    • Computer OU: Leave blank. This indicates the Active Directory (AD) Organizational Unit where VMs are located, such as  OU=NestedOrgName,OU=RootOrgName,DC=DomainComponent
    • Run Once Script: Leave blank. This indicates the location of scripts that run after system preparation completes.
    • Session Timeout Interval: Accept the default. This sets the amount of time users can have an idle session before the system forces a log off, which would result in the loss of unsaved data.
    • Enable Windows Hot-Plug: Accept the default. If enabled, this allows users to add or remove a device such as a NIC or disk, which can interfere with connectivity if done improperly.
  3. Click Next.

D2.7 Assign the Desktops to the User

  1. Verify that you are in the Users tab.
  2. In the Active Directory Search field, enter the user name to assign the desktop to. As you enter, the list appears.
  3. From the list, select the user groups to assign the desktop. You can select multiple users and groups. In this example, only one user group is selected.

D2.8 Verify the Selected User

  1. In Selected Users/User Groups, confirm that the correct user(s) or group(s) are listed.
  2. Click Next.

D2.9 Submit the Desktop Assignment

  1. In the Summary tab, review the settings you entered.
  2. When you are ready, click Submit.

    Note: You must wait until the creation process is complete before you proceed. This process can take several minutes. You might need to refresh your browser periodically to expedite the process.

D2.10 Verify the Desktop Assignment

  1. On the Assignments page, confirm that the desktop was created.
  2. Verify that the desktop assignment has a status of green.

After you finish assigning a desktop to the user, proceed to the next exercise to launch the desktop from a browser.

D3: Accessing a Desktop via a Browser

You can access the desktop via the Horizon Client, which includes versions for all major operating systems, as well as a browser-based HTML 5 client. For this exercise, you can verify the desktop assignment by launching from a browser.

D3.1 Select a Desktop

  1. Launch a browser.
  2. Navigate to your tenant URL.
  3. From the desktops assigned to you, select a desktop to launch.

D3.2 Wait as Windows Prepares Your Profile

  • Wait for Windows to build the profile.
    Note: It can take several minutes for a fully functional desktop to display.

D3.3 Navigate to the Dashboard

  1. Return to the Horizon Cloud Administration Console, and in the navigation bar, select Monitor.
  2. In the Monitor menu, click Dashboard.

D3.4 Proceed to Details

  1. Hover over the Dashboard window to change the display.
  2. In the lower right, click More.

D3.5 Verify the Desktop Capacity Allocation

  1. In the Capacity window, verify that the connection with the desktop is active, and that the host allocation has increased.
  2. In the upper right, click Download Full Service Report.

D3.6 Review the Desktop Capacity Report

  • Review the desktop allocation details in the Full Service Report.

After you verify that the desktop is assigned and connected properly, proceed to the next exercise to review the recent activity.

D4: Reviewing Recent Activity

You can use the Horizon Cloud Administration Console to monitor recent activities, including the desktop assignment you just completed. The Activity page displays both administrative and user activity for time spans ranging from 24 hours to 30 days.

D4.1 Navigate to the Activity Window

  1. In the Horizon Cloud Administration Console, select Monitor.
  2. In the Monitor menu, click Activity.

D4.2 Review Desktop Assignment Activity

  • On the Activity page, review the desktop assignment activity you just completed.

After you review the most recent activity, proceed to the next exercise to review reports.

D5: Exporting a Report

The Reports page displays resource mappings, including user and desktop mappings.

D5.1 Navigate to the Reports

  1. In the Horizon Cloud Administration Console, select Monitor.
  2. In the Monitor menu, click Reports.

D5.2 Review Desktop Assignment Report

  • On the Reports page, review the desktop assignment you completed in the previous exercise.

D5.3 Export the Report

  1. Click Desktop Mapping.
  2. Select the Export Data icon to export the report as a zipped CSV file.

After you review the reports, proceed to the next exercise to review notifications.

D6: Checking System Notifications

You can use the Horizon Cloud Administration Console to review system notifications. As with reports, you can view notifications data ranging from 24 hours to 30 days.

D6.1 Navigate to the Notifications Window

  1. In the Horizon Cloud Administration Console, select Monitor.
  2. In the Monitor menu, click Notifications.

D6.2 Select a Time Span

  1. In the Notifications window, select a time span from the Show menu.
  2. In the upper right, click the bell-shaped notification icon to see notifications in an abbreviated list format.

You now have a fully functional desktop ready for your users to access. The next section shows you how additional VMware products, such as App Volumes, can enhance your experience in the Horizon Cloud environment.